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Tax Day 2013: The Fiscal Cliff, Your Taxes and Where They Go

Despite the horror stories of delays and complex messes, this Tax Day hasn’t been as bad as it was hyped to be.

The deal struck on January 1st, 2013 provided the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) with ample time to prepare and fix some of the internal problems that were supposed to be disastrous for the agency on April 15th. Although the worry seems to be for naught, there are still a multitude of consequences that come from the dilemma of the fiscal cliff.

Congress decided to keep the Bush-era tax policies for all families who earn a tax income lower than $450,000 and for all single-investors who earn less than $400,000. A crucial part of the deal is that these policies were made permanent, so Congress no longer can debate them further. There will no longer be uncertainty for taxpayers about what their tax rate will be.

Not all that came from the deal was good. Congress failed to extend certain policies so some permanent tax increases were also included in the deal. The reduction of the Payroll Tax from 6.2% to 4.2% has expired, which will drive up rates for primarily middle-class taxpayers. Additionally, the marginal income tax rate was allowed to rise for families with a taxable income greater than $450,000 and for single filers who have a taxable income over $400,000. This tax increase may put more of a burden on small businesses and investors.

The Fiscal Cliff additionally affected how quickly taxes have been filed. Since the IRS did not start to accept certain returns until mid-March, it is likely that many taxpayers will request extensions and file taxes late. The slower than usual process of filing taxes has been a downside of Tax Day 2013, although it may have been much worse.

Tori DeGiosio is a political journalist from the Scranton, Pennsylvania. She is currently a sophomore at King’s College in Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania and is a double major in Mass Communications and Political Science. You can email Tori at for any comments or inquiries and follow her on Twitter @ToriDeGiosio

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